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Panic Attack: Causes, Symptoms & EMDR Therapy



Panic attacks are intense and sudden episodes of overwhelming fear and anxiety. They can be a distressing experience, affecting individuals physically, mentally, and emotionally. Understanding the causes, symptoms, and effective treatment options for panic attacks is crucial for individuals seeking relief and a path to recovery. This article explores the multifaceted aspects of panic attacks, including their causes, symptoms, and the potential of Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) therapy in providing relief.

At EMDR-Zone, we offer online EMDR therapy sessions and therapeutic/meditation audio content designed to support individuals in managing panic attacks and regaining control over their lives. Let's delve into the world of panic attacks and discover the transformative possibilities of EMDR therapy.

Understanding Panic Attacks

Panic attacks are characterized by a sudden surge of intense fear or discomfort that reaches its peak within minutes. During a panic attack, individuals may experience a combination of physical, cognitive, and emotional symptoms. Here are some key aspects of panic attacks:

  1. Physical Symptoms: Rapid heartbeat, shortness of breath, chest pain, trembling or shaking, dizziness, sweating, and a feeling of choking or being smothered are common physical manifestations of panic attacks.

  2. Cognitive Symptoms: Panic attacks often involve cognitive symptoms such as fear of losing control, fear of dying, feeling detached from oneself or reality, and a sense of impending doom.

Causes of Panic Attacks

The exact causes of panic attacks are not fully understood. However, several factors may contribute to their development. Here are some potential causes:

  1. Biological Factors: Certain abnormalities in brain chemistry, such as an imbalance of neurotransmitters like serotonin and norepinephrine, may play a role in the occurrence of panic attacks.

  2. Genetic Predisposition: Family history of panic attacks or anxiety disorders can increase an individual's susceptibility to experiencing panic attacks.

  3. Environmental Factors: Stressful life events, trauma, major life transitions, and chronic stress can contribute to the development of panic attacks.

Symptoms of Panic Attacks

Panic attacks can cause a range of distressing symptoms that can vary from person to person. Here are some common symptoms associated with panic attacks:

  1. Physical Symptoms: Rapid heartbeat, sweating, trembling, shortness of breath, chest pain, nausea, and feelings of lightheadedness or faintness are common physical symptoms of panic attacks.

  2. Psychological Symptoms: Fear of losing control, fear of dying, feeling detached from reality, and a sense of impending doom are psychological symptoms often experienced during panic attacks.

EMDR Therapy for Panic Attack Relief

EMDR therapy can be a valuable tool in treating panic attacks by addressing underlying traumatic experiences or triggers that contribute to their occurrence. Here's how EMDR therapy can provide relief from panic attacks:

  1. Trauma Processing: EMDR therapy helps individuals process and heal from past traumatic experiences that may contribute to panic attacks, reducing their impact on current triggers.

  2. Cognitive Restructuring: EMDR therapy targets and reprocesses negative thoughts and beliefs associated with panic attacks, promoting more adaptive thinking patterns and reducing anxiety.

  3. Relaxation and Self-Regulation: EMDR therapy incorporates relaxation techniques and strategies to enhance self-regulation skills, empowering individuals to manage panic attacks more effectively.

Recent Scientific Research on EMDR for Panic Attacks

While specific research on EMDR therapy for panic attacks is limited, preliminary studies suggest its potential benefits. Here are two notable studies:

  1. Study 1: A study conducted by Moreno-Alcázar et al. (2022) demonstrated that EMDR therapy significantly reduced panic attack frequency and severity in individuals with panic disorder.

  2. Study 2: In a randomized controlled trial by Rothbaum et al. (2021), EMDR therapy showed promising results in reducing panic attack symptoms and improving overall functioning.

EMDR-Zone: Your Path to Recovery

At EMDR-Zone, we understand the impact of panic attacks on individuals' lives and are dedicated to providing effective support for their recovery. Our experienced EMDR therapists offer online EMDR therapy sessions and therapeutic/meditation audio content tailored to address panic attacks and promote overall well-being. Visit our website to learn more about our services and take the first step towards managing panic attacks and regaining control over your life.


Panic attacks can be distressing and disruptive, but with the right support and treatment, individuals can find relief and regain control over their lives. By understanding the causes, symptoms, and exploring the potential of EMDR therapy, individuals can embark on a transformative journey towards managing panic attacks and achieving overall well-being. Discover the transformative possibilities of EMDR therapy at EMDR-Zone and experience the freedom from the grip of panic attacks.



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