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Neuropsychological and Physiological Outcomes in Pre-and Post-EMDR Therapy

Written by: Aranda, B. D. E., Ronquillo, N. M., & Calvillo, M. E. N. (2015).

Edited by: EMDR-Zone Editorial Team

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Introduction to the Study

The article embarks on a journey into the intricate world of PTSD, particularly in the context of childhood sexual abuse. It presents a meticulous review of the literature, setting the stage for a quantitative single-case study. This study revolves around an 18-year-old female diagnosed with PTSD and major depressive disorder, both stemming from childhood trauma. The primary objective is to discern the transformative effects of EMDR therapy on her neuropsychological and physiological responses, offering a beacon of hope for similar cases.

Childhood Sexual Abuse in Mexico

Childhood sexual abuse casts a long, dark shadow over Mexico, with girls often bearing the brunt of this heinous crime. The article underscores the profound and lasting impacts of such abuse on a child's holistic development, spanning emotional, cognitive, and physical realms. Such traumatic experiences often culminate in PTSD, a condition intricately linked with structural brain alterations and a plethora of cognitive deficits, making daily life a challenge.

Neurocognitive Deficits in PTSD

PTSD isn't just an emotional or psychological ailment; it has tangible cognitive repercussions. The article delves deep into these neuropsychological effects, highlighting the impaired verbal learning, memory challenges, decelerated information processing, and attentional deficits that plague PTSD sufferers. For survivors of sexual abuse, these effects are even more pronounced, with their working memory and attentional system constantly hijacked by traumatic flashbacks.

Physiological Changes in PTSD